Last update: Nov 8 2016
At the time I did this conversion, there was no commercially available adapter for the Subaru EJ engine, so I designed my own and had it made at a local machine shop. It has some drawbacks, primarily the cost. So I came up with a second design. Around that time, Rebirth Auto began to offer an adapter for Subaru EJ engines. Alas, they have since closed their doors.
The aspects of Subaru EJ engines and the Impreza that impact the adapter design are:
A custom machined flywheel accommodates the many constraints of fitting the NetGain 11 and keeping the A/C. It allows locating the motor as close to the transmission as possible. I spent months researching and designing. The custom flywheel needs neither the 8 mounting bolts nor allowance for the boss, so an ordinary QD bushing can be used. This design uses a SDS series bushing (which cost $16). An additional advantage of this design is that you can easily adjust the flywheel runout since the flywheel does not need to be removed in order to make adjustments. The machining cost $1400, took three months and several corrections.
The flywheel uses a Fidanza 229101 replaceable friction surface insert (which cost $66). Here is some Subaru Impreza clutch size data I collected when searching for the friction surface insert. Specifications are outside diameter x inside diameter in mm.
The SDS series QD bushing has a torque capacity of 417 ft·lb. For comparison, the torque ratings for the 2006 Impreza base engine, the WRX engine and the STi engine are 166ft·lb, 235ft·lb, and 300ft·lb. The table below contains QD bushing specifications, taken from TB Wood's. The three 1/4-20 bolts are torqued to 108 in·lb (12.2 N·m).
To remove the flywheel from the QD bushing, the three cap head socket screws are removed from the unthreaded holes, then driven into the adjacent threaded holes. The screws push against the QD bushing, spreading the two components apart.
The housing is a single piece design. I had a local machine shop make it at a cost of $2000 and two months time. Pricing with eMachineShop shows a cost of $1150 and less than a month.
The adapter described here is for a NetGain WarP 11. The NetGain WarP 9 mounting holes are tilted by 15° compared to the WarP 11.
In the original ICE configuration, the transmission input shaft rides in a ball bearing in the center of the flywheel. In the electric configuration, the input shaft rides in a bronze sleeve bearing inserted into the counterbore of the motor shaft. A sleeve bearing is adequate because the flywheel and motor rarely turn at different speeds - only when shifting gears. The input shaft diameter is metric (12mm) while the motor counterbore is fractional inch (11/16 = 0.687). I purchased a metric sleeve bearing 12mm ID x 18 OD x 16 LG (McMaster 6658K18) and had a machinist reduce the OD to 0.686in.
I measured the locations of the EJ transmission mounting holes using an 18in caliper, with the transmission in the car. The one important dimension is the distance between the dowels, holes 3 and 8. The input shaft is at the midpoint of these two dowels. The bolt holes could be enlarged to work around a fitment problem. But the dowels must be positioned as accurately as possible. I converted the distances from the dowels to the other holes into X-Y coordinates using the eMachineShop CAD program by drawing circles and finding the intersections.
The table below shows the data I collected, as well as data published on the Ultimate Subaru Message Board by WoodsWagon. Note older versions of the EJ engine have 4 bolts rather than 8.
|Hole||Transmission in Car|
I also measured an EA transmission for a EA-EJ adapter project.
|Hole||Transmission in Car|
To double check the hole positions, the plans were printed actual size, cut and and placed right on the transmission.
Checking the flywheel alignment with a dial indicator.